American Chemical Society
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Keggin Bicapped-Type Polyoxovanadate as Cathode Material for High-Performance Quasi-Solid-State Zinc-Ion Batteries

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journal contribution
posted on 2024-01-05, 20:03 authored by Patrick Dedetemo Kimilita, Yu Yoshimi, Noriyuki Sonoyama
Zinc-ion batteries have gained considerable attention owing to their cost-effectiveness, high energy density, and environmental friendliness compared with lithium-ion batteries. However, the development of suitable electrolytes and active materials remains a challenge that must be addressed. In this study, for the first time, Keggin bicapped-type polyoxovanadate KxH9(PV14O42) (KPV) was used as the active material for zinc-ion batteries. Owing to the multiple vanadium and oxygen atoms in KPV, the structure can accommodate and provide a fast kinetic reaction to store Zn2+, thus benefiting from a highly reversible capacity of 413.3 mAh g–1 and high energy and power densities of 348.8 Wh kg–1 and 42.15 kW kg–1, respectively, and maintaining a Coulombic efficiency of nearly 97.96% after 2000 cycles. In addition, the fabricated cell was subjected to critical temperature testing ranging from −20 to 40 °C and the results showed a remarkably high reversible capacity of 375.5 mAh g–1 (0.5 A g–1) at 40 °C. This highlights the potential for designing active materials for high-energy storage devices.