KA-11, a Novel Pyrrolidine-2,5-dione Derived Broad-Spectrum Anticonvulsant: Its Antiepileptogenic, Antinociceptive Properties and in Vitro Characterization
journal contributionposted on 24.09.2018, 00:00 by Katarzyna Socała, Szczepan Mogilski, Mateusz Pieróg, Dorota Nieoczym, Michał Abram, Bartłomiej Szulczyk, Annamaria Lubelska, Gniewomir Latacz, Urszula Doboszewska, Piotr Wlaź, Krzysztof Kamiński
Recently, compound KA-11 was identified as a promising candidate for a new broad-spectrum anticonvulsant. This compound revealed wide protective activity across the most important animal models of seizures such as the maximal electroshock test (MES), the subcutaneous pentylenetetrazole test (scPTZ), and the six-hertz test (6 Hz, 32 mA). Importantly, KA-11 was devoid of acute neurological activity, which was assessed by applying the chimney test (TD50 value higher than 1500 mg/kg). The preliminary in vivo results confirmed favorable anticonvulsant and safety properties of KA-11. With the aim of further biological characterization of KA-11, in the current studies we evaluated its antiepileptogenic activity in the kindling model of epilepsy induced by repeated injection of PTZ in mice. Furthermore, we assessed the antinociceptive activity of KA-11 in several animal pain models. As a result, KA-11 (at all doses applied: 25, 50, and 100 mg/kg) significantly delayed the progression of kindling induced by repeated injection of PTZ in mice. Additionally, KA-11 revealed potent antinociceptive activity in the formalin-induced tonic pain and, importantly, in the oxaliplatin-induced neuropathic pain model in mice. Moreover, KA-11 did not induce motor deficits in the rotarod test. Patch-clamp experiments revealed that one of the mechanisms of action of KA-11 is inhibition of voltage-gated sodium currents. Compound KA-11 appeared to be safe in relation to hepatotoxic properties as no phospholipidosis induction was determined in HepG2 cells at 50 μM, and a small, statistically significant decrease of cell viability was observed only at the highest used dose of 100 μM. Moreover, KA-11 did not affect the function of CYP2D6. The aforementioned hybrid substance proved to penetrate the biological membranes in the in vitro permeability assays.