American Chemical Society
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Jet Impact on Superhydrophobic Metal Mesh

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journal contribution
posted on 2021-02-26, 21:29 authored by Shashwata Moitra, Tamal Roy, Ranjan Ganguly, Constantine M. Megaridis
Liquid-jet impact on porous, relatively thin solids has a variety of applications in heat transfer, filtration, liquid-fuel atomization, incontinence products, and solid-substrate erosion, among others. Many prior studies focused on liquid-jet impact on impermeable substrates, and some have investigated the hydraulic jump phenomenon. In the present work, the liquid jet strikes a superhydrophobic, permeable, metal mesh orthogonally, and the radial spreading and throughflow of the liquid are characterized. The prebreakthrough hydraulic jump, the breakthrough velocity, and the postbreakthrough spatial distributions of the liquid are investigated by varying the liquid properties (density, surface tension, and viscosity) and the openness of the metal mesh. The hydraulic jump radius in the prebreakthrough regime increases with jet velocity and is independent of the liquid properties and mesh geometry (pore size, wire diameter and pitch). The breakthrough velocity increases with surface tension of the liquid and decreases with the mesh opening diameter and liquid viscosity. A simple analytical model predicts the jet breakthrough velocity; its predictions are in accordance with the experimental observations. In the postbreakthrough regime, as the jet velocity increases, the liquid flow rate penetrating the mesh shows an initially steep increase, followed by a plateau, which is attributed to a Cassie–Baxter-to-Wenzel transition at the impact area of the mesh.

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