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Isothermal Calorimetric Titrations on Charge-Assisted Halogen Bonds: Role of Entropy, Counterions, Solvent, and Temperature

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journal contribution
posted on 2012-05-23, 00:00 authored by Sebastian M. Walter, Florian Kniep, Laxmidhar Rout, Franz P. Schmidtchen, Eberhardt Herdtweck, Stefan M. Huber
We have conducted isothermal calorimetric titrations to investigate the halogen-bond strength of cationic bidentate halogen-bond donors toward halides, using bis­(iodoimidazolium) compounds as probes. These data are intended to aid the rational design of halogen-bond donors as well as the development of halogen-bond-based applications in solution. In all cases examined, the entropic contribution to the overall free energy of binding was found to be very important. The binding affinities showed little dependency on the weakly coordinating counteranions of the halogen-bond donors but became slightly stronger with higher temperatures. We also found a marked influence of different solvents on the interaction strength. The highest binding constant detected in this study was 3.3 × 106 M–1.