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Isolable, Stable Diselenocarboxylate and Selenothiocarboxylate Salts:  Syntheses, Structures, and Reactivities of 2-(1,3-Dimethylimidazolidinio)diselenocarboxylate and 2-(1,3-Dimethylimidazolidinio)selenothiocarboxylate

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journal contribution
posted on 09.09.2000, 00:00 by Juzo Nakayama, Taku Kitahara, Yoshiaki Sugihara, Akira Sakamoto, Akihiko Ishii
2-(1,3-Dimethylimidazolidinio)diselenocarboxylate (16) was obtained in 48% yield as thermally stable, dark green crystals by reaction of 2-methylene-1,3-dimethylimidazolidine (7) with Se2Cl2 in the presence of Et3N. The reaction of 16 with elemental sulfur gave 2-(1,3-dimethylimidazolidinio)dithiocarboxylate (20) in 95% yield by exhaustive selenium−sulfur exchange, whereas the use of a limited amount of sulfur allowed the preparation of 2-(1,3-dimethylimidazolidinio)selenothiocarboxylate (19) as dark red crystals. X-ray crystallographic analyses revealed that the planes of the carbenium ion and CX2- (X = S, Se) parts of 16 and 20 are nearly perpendicular to each other. The observed geometries (including bond angles and lengths) of 16 and 20 were reproduced satisfactorily by ab initio calculations (B3LYP/6-31G* level). Discussion is also made on the structures of 16, 19, and 20 on the basis of spectroscopic data (NMR, IR, and UV/vis). Methylation of 16 with MeI furnished the carbenium iodide (26a), which possesses a diselenoester moiety, as thermally labile, green crystals. The reaction of 16 with two molar amounts of DMAD provided the 1:2 adduct (30a) in 67% yield. The reaction of 16 with N-[(p-tolylsulfonyl)imino]phenyliodinane gave the inner salt (35) in 68% yield with loss of selenium atom from the initial adduct (33).