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Isoapoptolidin:  Structure and Activity of the Ring-Expanded Isomer of Apoptolidin

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journal contribution
posted on 01.10.2002, 00:00 by Paul A. Wender, Aaron V. Gulledge, Orion D. Jankowski, Haruo Seto
Apoptolidin (1) is a novel oncolytic lead that induces apoptosis in transformed cell lines with exceptional selectivity. We report the isolation and characterization of a ring-expanded macrolide isomer of apoptolidin:  isoapoptolidin (2). The solution conformation of isoapoptolidin is described. The rate of isomerization was measured under biologically relevant conditions and found to approach equilibrium within the time frame of most cell-based assays. Isoapoptolidin's ability to inhibit mitochondrial F0F1-ATPase is over 10-fold less than that of apoptolidin.