American Chemical Society
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Iron-Catalyzed Enantioselective Radical Carboazidation and Diazidation of α,β-Unsaturated Carbonyl Compounds

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journal contribution
posted on 2021-07-23, 10:31 authored by Wen Liu, Maoping Pu, Jun He, Tinghui Zhang, Shunxi Dong, Xiaohua Liu, Yun-Dong Wu, Xiaoming Feng
Azidation of alkenes is an efficient protocol to synthesize organic azides which are important structural motifs in organic synthesis. Enantioselective radical azidation, as a useful strategy to install a C–N3 bond, remains challenging due to the inherently instability and unique structure of radicals. Here, we disclose an efficient enantioselective radical carboazidation and diazidation of α,β-unsaturated ketones and amides catalyzed by chiral N,N′-dioxide/Fe­(OTf)2 complexes. An array of substituted alkenes was transformed to the corresponding α-azido carbonyl derivatives in good to excellent enantioselectivities, benefiting the preparation of chiral α-amino ketones, vicinal amino alcohols, and vicinal diamines. Control experiments and mechanistic studies proved the radical pathway in the reaction process. The DFT calculations showed that the azido transferred to the radical intermediate via an intramolecular five-membered transition state with the internal nitrogen of the Fe–N3 species.