American Chemical Society
bi9b00658_si_001.pdf (3.17 MB)

IroT/MavN Is a Legionella Transmembrane Fe(II) Transporter: Metal Selectivity and Translocation Kinetics Revealed by in Vitro Real-Time Transport

Download (3.17 MB)
journal contribution
posted on 2019-10-18, 12:35 authored by Sameera S. Abeyrathna, Nisansala S. Abeyrathna, Nathan Khoi Thai, Prithwijit Sarkar, Sheena D’Arcy, Gabriele Meloni
In intravacuolar pathogens, iron is essential for growth and virulence. In Legionella pneumophila, a putative transmembrane protein inserted on the surface of the host pathogen-containing vacuole, IroT/MavN, facilitates intravacuolar iron acquisition from the host by an unknown mechanism, bypassing the problem of Fe­(III) insolubility and mobilization. We developed a platform for purification and reconstitution of IroT in artificial lipid bilayer vesicles (proteoliposomes). By encapsulating the fluorescent reporter probe Fluozin-3, we reveal, by real-time metal transport assays, that IroT is a high-affinity iron transporter selective for Fe­(II) over other essential transition metals. Mutational analysis reveals important residues in the transmembrane helices, soluble domains, and loops important for substrate recognition and translocation. The work establishes the substrate transport properties in a novel transporter family important for iron acquisition at the host–pathogen intravacuolar interface and provides chemical tools for a comparative investigation of the translocation properties in other iron transporter families.