American Chemical Society
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Investigation of the Complexation between 4‑Aminoazobenzene and Cucurbit[7]uril through a Combined Spectroscopic, Nuclear Magnetic Resonance, and Molecular Simulation Studies

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journal contribution
posted on 2022-07-13, 08:29 authored by Sabine Sarraute, Anne-Sophie Biesse-Martin, Julien Devemy, Alain Dequidt, Christine Bonal, Patrice Malfreyt
Cucurbiturils are well known for their ability to form supramolecular systems with ultrahigh affinities binding. Inclusion complex between 4-aminoazobenzene and cucurbit[7]­uril has been investigated in aqueous solution by ultraviolet (UV)-spectroscopy, 1H NMR, and molecular simulations. 4-aminoazobenzene shows high affinity in acidic solutions while no association was detected in neutral solutions. The thermodynamic properties of complex formation are investigated using both UV spectroscopy and nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) measurements. Our results highlight that the high binding constant between CB7 and 4AA (log K = 4.9) is the result of a large negative change in ΔrH° (−19 kJ/mol) and a small positive change in TΔrS° (9 kJ/mol). The analysis of the experimental data lead to hypothesis on the structure of the complex. We have used molecular dynamics simulation to interpret experiments. Interestingly, the cistrans isomerization of aminoazobenzene is considered. All the results are discussed and compared with those previously obtained with other host molecules.