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Investigation of Ultrathin Layers of Bis(phthalocyaninato)lutetium(III) on Graphite

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journal contribution
posted on 12.04.2012, 00:00 authored by Lars Smykalla, Pavel Shukrynau, Michael Hietschold
We present a comprehensive study of the adsorption of bis­(phthalocyaninato)­lutetium­(III) (LuPc2) on highly oriented pyrolytic graphite(0001) (HOPG). The growth and self-assembly of the molecular layers as well as the electronic structure has been investigated systematically using scanning tunneling microscopy and scanning tunneling spectroscopy combined with density functional theory (DFT) calculations and molecular mechanics simulations. We reveal that the adsorption of LuPc2 leads to the formation of a square-like close-packed structure on the almost inert surface of HOPG, which is corroborated by simulations. Moreover, we observed a parallel orientation of the LuPc2 molecules in the first monolayer, whereas in subsequent layers an increasing tilt out of the surface plane was found. Tip–sample distance-dependent tunneling spectroscopy measurements allowed us to detect a shift in the energy positions of the peaks assigned to the lowest unoccupied molecular orbital toward the Fermi energy with decreasing tip–sample separation.