American Chemical Society
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Investigation of Osteomyelitis Inducing Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus Inhibition Effect by Strontium-Substituted Borate Bioactive Glasses

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journal contribution
posted on 2024-05-16, 03:44 authored by Anne Seles Mohan, Deepthi Ramya Ravindran, Murugan Marudhamuthu, Mariappan Rajan
Borate glass transforms into hydroxycarbonate apatite more rapidly than silicate glass. This research aims to evaluate strontium’s structural and biological effects on borate bioactive glass (BBG) and the influence of strontium concentrations (0%, 5%, 10%, and 15% Sr) prepared via the sol–gel method. The study reveals significant findings related to the physicochemical properties of the glass. Immersion of the glass powders in a simulated body fluid (SBF) led to the development of a hydroxyapatite (HAP) layer on the glass surfaces. This transformation was verified through X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), and Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) analyses. In particular, 5% strontium exhibited gradual degradation, resulting in particle sizes below 100 nm. The BBG-15%Sr demonstrates heightened pathogenic activity as it shows a significant inhibition zone of 14 mm at 250 μg/mL, surpassing other substituted BBGs. It effectively combats Gram-positive bacteria, completely inhibiting MRSA growth at 50 μg/mL. This underscores its robust biofilm disruption capabilities, eradicating biofilms, even at minimal concentrations after prolonged exposure. C. elegans when subjected to BBG-15%Sr shows less ROS production when compared with the others. Moreover, the results suggest that the modified glass could be a potential material for the treatment of osteomyelitis-affected bone repair.