Investigation of Chromate Coordination on Ferrihydrite by in Situ ATR-FTIR Spectroscopy and Theoretical Frequency Calculations
journal contributionposted on 20.02.2016, 20:23 by Chad P. Johnston, Maria Chrysochoou
Chromate mobility, reactivity, and bioavailability in soil environments are affected by adsorption reactions on iron oxide minerals, but the adsorption mechanisms remain controversial. In this study, we employed in situ attenuated total reflectance Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy and theoretical frequency calculations to characterize chromate adsorption on 2-line ferrihydrite. The effects of pH, aqueous chromate concentration, ionic strength, and deuterium exchange were investigated. Results suggest the formation of monodentate and bidentate surface complexes. It was determined that monodentate complexes are dominant at low surface coverage and pH ≥ 6.5 and that bidentate complexes form at high surface coverage and pH < 6. Deuterium exchange experiments indicated that the inner-sphere complexes are not protonated. Difference spectra revealed that monodentate complexes are particularly susceptible to ionic strength effects under acidic conditions.