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Intrinsic Viscosity of Cyclic Polystyrene

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journal contribution
posted on 10.10.2017, 00:00 by Youncheol Jeong, Ye Jin, Taihyun Chang, Filip Uhlik, Jacques Roovers
The intrinsic viscosity of cyclic polystyrenes (C-PS) and linear polystyrenes (L-PS) with molecular weight (MW) ranging from 16K to 370K was measured in THF using size exclusion chromatography coupled with a triple detection system. The C-PS samples were prepared by a ring-closure reaction of telechelic linear precursor synthesized by anionic polymerization. As-synthesized C-PS samples after the ring-closure reaction contain various byproducts, and they were fractionated by liquid chromatography at the critical condition to obtain highly pure C-PS. While the intrinsic viscosity of L-PS agrees well with the literature data, C-PS shows significantly lower value than the literature values. The Mark–Houwink exponent of C-PS is 0.67, somewhat lower than 0.70 for L-PS in the good solvent over the MW range examined. Therefore, the ratio of the intrinsic viscosity of C-PS to L-PS (g′ = [η]C/[η]L) in THF is not MW independent but decreases as MW increases (0.63 ≥ [η]C/[η]L ≥ 0.57). The trend of intrinsic viscosity agrees well with the computer simulation result. The discrepancy in [η]C from the literature values can largely be attributed to the contamination of linear byproducts in the earlier studies.