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Interface Engineering of a 2D‑C3N4/NiFe-LDH Heterostructure for Highly Efficient Photocatalytic Hydrogen Evolution

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journal contribution
posted on 19.05.2021, 19:03 by Jia Yan, Xiandi Zhang, Weiran Zheng, Lawrence Yoon Suk Lee
Photocatalytic water splitting offers an economic and sustainable pathway for producing hydrogen as a zero-emission fuel, but it still suffers from low efficiencies limited by visible-light absorption capacity and charge separation kinetics. Herein, we report an interface-engineered 2D-C3N4/NiFe layered double hydroxide (CN/LDH) heterostructure that shows highly enhanced photocatalytic hydrogen evolution reaction (HER) rate with excellent long-term stability. The morphology and band gap structure of NiFe-LDH are precisely regulated by employing NH4F as a structure-directing agent, which enables a fine interfacial tuning via coupling with 2D-C3N4. The formation of a type II interface in CN/LDH enlarges the active surface area and promotes the charge separation efficiency, leading to an HER rate of 3087 μmol g–1 h–1, which is 14 times higher than that of 2D-C3N4. This study highlights a rational interface engineering strategy for the formation of a heterostructure with a proper hole transport co-catalyst for designing effective water-splitting photocatalysts.