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Intercalation Pseudocapacitive Nanoscale Nickel Hexacyanoferrate@Carbon Nanotubes as a High-Rate Cathode Material for Aqueous Sodium-Ion Battery

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journal contribution
posted on 27.02.2020, 20:44 by Yingbo Yuan, Duan Bin, Xiaoli Dong, Yonggang Wang, Congxiao Wang, Yongyao Xia
Prussian blue analogues (PBAs) have been widely investigated as cathode materials in aqueous Na-ion batteries (ASIBs) due to their special open-framework structure. Herein, nanoscale nickel hexacyanoferrate with carbon nanotubes (NiHCF@CNTs, NC for short) has been fabricated via a facile route. According to transmission electron microscopy (TEM) images, NiHCF is a randomly aggregated particle and CNTs are universally tangled with NiHCF. In ASIBs, NC delivers a discharge capacity of 54.1 mAh g–1 at 0.1 A g–1. An astonishingly long life with a capacity retention of 80% over 10 000 cycles at 10 A g–1 is also achieved. Significantly, this material exhibits excellent rate capability with a capacity of 47.9 mAh g–1 even at an ultrahigh current density of 10 A g–1. Such superior rate performance is owing to the extrinsic intercalation pseudocapacitive response. This surface-controlled mechanism suggests that developing pseudocapacitive materials is a feasible pathway to promote the rate performance of PBAs as cathodes for ASIBs.