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Interaction with the DNA Repair Protein Thymine DNA Glycosylase Regulates Histone Acetylation by p300

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journal contribution
posted on 15.11.2016, 00:00 by Ryan A. Henry, Pietro Mancuso, Yin-Ming Kuo, Rossella Tricarico, Marc Tini, Philip A. Cole, Alfonso Bellacosa, Andrew J. Andrews
How protein–protein interactions regulate and alter histone modifications is a major unanswered question in epigenetics. The histone acetyltransferase p300 binds thymine DNA glycosylase (TDG); utilizing mass spectrometry to measure site-specific changes in histone acetylation, we found that the absence of TDG in mouse embryonic fibroblasts leads to a reduction in the rate of histone acetylation. We demonstrate that TDG interacts with the CH3 domain of p300 to allosterically promote p300 activity to specific lysines on histone H3 (K18 and K23). However, when TDG concentrations approach those of histones, TDG acts as a competitive inhibitor of p300 histone acetylation. These results suggest a mechanism for how histone acetylation is fine-tuned via interaction with other proteins, while also highlighting a connection between regulators of two important biological processes: histone acetylation and DNA repair/demethylation.