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Interaction of Fibrin with the Very Low-Density Lipoprotein (VLDL) Receptor: Further Characterization and Localization of the VLDL Receptor-Binding Site in Fibrin βN-Domains

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journal contribution
posted on 24.04.2017, 00:00 by Sergiy Yakovlev, Leonid Medved
Our recent study revealed that fibrin and the very low-density lipoprotein receptor (VLDLR) interact with each other through a pair of fibrin βN-domains and CR domains of the receptor and this interaction promotes transendothelial migration of leukocytes and thereby inflammation. The major objectives of this study were to further clarify the molecular mechanism of fibrin–VLDLR interaction and to identify amino acid residues in the βN-domains involved in this interaction. Our binding experiments with the (β15–66)2 fragment, which corresponds to a pair of fibrin βN-domains, and the VLDLR(1–8) fragment, consisting of eight CR domains of VLDLR, revealed that interaction between them strongly depends on ionic strength and chemical modification of all Lys or Arg residues in (β15–66)2 results in abrogation of this interaction. To identify which of these residues are involved in the interaction, we mutated all Lys or Arg residues in each of the three positively charged Lys/Arg clusters of the (β15–66)2 fragment, as well as single Arg17 and Arg30, and tested the affinity of the mutants obtained for VLDLR(1–8) by an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay and surface plasmon resonance. The experiments revealed that the second and third Lys/Arg clusters make the major contribution to this interaction while the contribution of the first cluster is moderate. The results obtained suggest that interaction between fibrin and the VLDL receptor employs the “double-Lys/Arg” recognition mode previously proposed for the interaction of the LDL receptor family members with their ligands. They also provide valuable information for the development of highly specific peptide-based inhibitors of fibrin–VLDLR interaction.