Interaction Types in C6H5(CH2)nOH–CO2 (n = 0–4) Determined by the Length of the Side Alkyl Chain
journal contributionposted on 28.12.2021, 18:03 authored by Hao Wang, Junhua Chen, Yang Zheng, Daniel A. Obenchain, Xuefang Xu, Qian Gou, Jens-Uwe Grabow, Walther Caminati
C6H5(CH2)nOH–CO2 complexes have been investigated using rotational spectroscopy (n = 0–2) complemented by quantum chemical calculations (n = 0–4), which implies that the side alkyl chain length can determine the types of intermolecular interactions. Unlike the in-plane C···O tetrel bond in phenol–CO2, the π*CO2···πaromatic interaction has been shown to link CO2 to phenylmethanol and 2-phenylethanol, which is, to the best of our knowledge, the first time it has been demonstrated by rotational spectroscopy. Further elongations of the side alkyl chain gradually increase the energies of intramolecular hydrogen bonds in 3-phenylpropanol and 4-phenylbutanol so that CO2 cannot break it. CO2 will be pushed farther from the monomers and link with the -OH group through a dominating C···O tetrel bond. Our observations would allow, with the choice of the proper length of the side alkyl chain, new strategies for engineering C···πaromatic-centered noncovalent bonding schemes for the capture, utilization, and storage of CO2.