American Chemical Society
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Innovative Bioconjugation Technology for Antibody–Drug Conjugates: Proof of Concept in a CD30-Positive Lymphoma Mouse Model

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journal contribution
posted on 2021-02-25, 21:43 authored by Ludovic Juen, Christine B. Baltus, Camille Gély, Ofelia Feuillâtre, Audrey Desgranges, Marie-Claude Viaud-Massuard, Camille Martin
To overcome stability and heterogeneity issues of antibody–drug conjugates (ADCs) produced with existing bioconjugation technologies incorporating a maleimide motif, we developed McSAF Inside, a new technology based on a trifunctionalized di­(bromomethyl)­pyridine scaffold. Our solution allows the conjugation of a linker-payload to previously reduced interchain cysteines of a native antibody, resulting in disulfide rebridging. This leads to highly stable and homogeneous ADCs with control over the drug-to-antibody ratio (DAR) and the linker-payload position. Using our technology, we synthesized an ADC, MF-BTX-MMAE, built from anti-CD30 antibody cAC10 (brentuximab), and compared it to Adcetris, the first line treatment against CD30-positive lymphoma, in a CD30-positive lymphoma model. MF-BTX-MMAE displayed improved DAR homogeneity, with a solid batch-to-batch reproducibility, as well as enhanced stability in thermal stress conditions or in the presence of a free thiol-containing protein, such as human serum albumin (HSA). MF-BTX-MMAE showed antigen-binding, in vitro cytotoxicity, in vivo efficacy, and tolerability similar to Adcetris. Therefore, in accordance with current regulatory expectations for the development of new ADCs, McSAF Inside technology gives access to relevant ADCs with improved characteristics and stability.