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Initial Analysis of the Arylomycin D Antibiotics

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journal contribution
posted on 02.07.2020, 17:36 authored by Yun Xuan Tan, David S. Peters, Shawn I. Walsh, Matthew Holcomb, Diogo Santos-Martins, Stefano Forli, Floyd E. Romesberg
The arylomycins are a class of natural product antibiotics that inhibit bacterial type I signal peptidase and are under development as therapeutics. Four classes of arylomycins are known, arylomycins A–D. Previously, we reported the synthesis and analysis of representatives of the A, B, and C classes and showed that their spectrum of activity has the potential to be much broader than originally assumed. Along with a comparison of the mechanism of acquired and innate resistance, this led us to suggest that the arylomycins are latent antibiotics, antibiotics that once possessed broad-spectrum activity, but which upon examination today, have only narrow spectrum activity due to prior selection for resistance in the course of the competition with other microorganisms that drove their evolution in the first place. Interestingly, actinocarbasin, the only identified member of the arylomycin D class, has been reported to have activity against MRSA. To confirm and understand this activity, several actinocarbasin derivatives were synthesized. We demonstrate that the previously reported structure of actinocarbasin is incorrect, identify what is likely the correct scaffold, confirm that scaffold has activity against MRSA, and determine the origin of this activity.