American Chemical Society
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Inhibition of PINK1-Mediated Mitophagy Contributes to Postoperative Cognitive Dysfunction through Activation of Caspase-3/GSDME-Dependent Pyroptosis

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journal contribution
posted on 2023-03-22, 09:43 authored by Wei Wang, Bo Zhao, Wenwei Gao, Wenqin Song, Jiabao Hou, Lei Zhang, Zhongyuan Xia
PTEN-induced kinase 1 (PINK1)-mediated mitophagy and caspase-1/gasdermin D canonical pyroptosis pathways have been implicated in the pathogenesis of postoperative cognitive dysfunction (POCD). However, gasdermin E (GSDME), another recently identified executioner of pyroptosis that can be specifically cleaved by caspase-3, is highly expressed in the brain and neurons. This study aimed to ascertain whether PINK1-dependent mitophagy governs postoperative cognitive capacity through caspase-3/GSDME. Twelve month old male Sprague-Dawley rats underwent exploratory laparotomy under isoflurane anesthesia. Lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-primed SH-SY5Y cells were used to mimic postsurgical neuroinflammation. For the interventional study, rats were administered with adeno-associated virus serotype 9 (AAV9)-mediated silencing of Pink1 and/or caspase-3 inhibitor Ac-DEVD-CHO (Ac-DC). SH-SY5Y cells were treated with siPINK1 and/or Ac-DC. Cognitive performance was assessed using the Morris water maze test. The mitophagy- and pyroptosis-related parameters were determined in the hippocampus and SH-SY5Y cells. Anesthesia/surgery and LPS caused defective PINK1-mediated mitophagy and activation of caspase-3/GSDME-dependent pyroptosis. AAV-9 mediated Pink1 overexpression mitigated cognitive impairment and caspase-3/GSDME-dependent pyroptosis. Conversely, inhibition of PINK1 aggravates POCD and overactivates neuronal pyroptosis. These abnormalities were rescued by Ac-DC treatment. Collectively, PINK1-mediated mitophagy regulates anesthesia and surgery-induced cognitive impairment by negatively affecting the caspase-3/GSDME pyroptosis pathway, which provides a promising therapeutic target for POCD.