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Inhibition Effectiveness of Laser-Cleaned Nanostructured Aluminum Alloys to Sulfate-reducing Bacteria Based on Superwetting and Ultraslippery Surfaces

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journal contribution
posted on 02.09.2020, 19:06 by Ze Tian, Zhenglong Lei, Yanbin Chen, Chuan Chen, Ruochen Zhang, Xi Chen, Jiang Bi, Haoran Sun
This paper is a continued study on laser cleaning removal of marine microbiofouling from Al alloy surfaces. According to our previous study, it is noted that the antifouling functions of the generated laser-cleaned metallic surfaces must be highlighted. In this work, the inhibition effectiveness of the laser-cleaned Al alloy surfaces was evaluated using a type of vital marine microorganism, sulfate-reducing bacteria (SRB) Desulfovibrio desulfuricans subsp. desulfuricans, in a dynamic bacterial solution. Before the immersion tests, the laser-cleaned surfaces with nanostructures were chemically processed into superhydrophilic, superhydrophobic, and ultraslippery surfaces. SRB attachment behaviors as well as inhibition mechanisms of the three surfaces to the SRB settlement were characterized and revealed. The SRB adhering to the above surfaces presented three different morphologies, i.e., broken, dented, and plump cells. Superhydrophilic surfaces unexpectedly showed a not inferior antibacterial ability. A piercing effect of the nanostructures caused nontoxic mechanical damage to the cell membranes. The antiadhesion property of superhydrophobic solid–air hybrid surfaces was unreliable due to the loss of air bubbles. The morphology of the last surviving SRB cells left on the ultraslippery surfaces was basically plump. The stable repellent function of the surfaces was responsible for the vigorous prevention of the adhesion of the SRB. The research results offer an insight into the antibacterial/antiadhesion properties of the laser-cleaned surfaces and a practical value for the periodic service of marine high-end equipment.