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Influence of the Reaction Pathway on the Defect Formation in a Cu2ZnSnSe4 Thin Film

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journal contribution
posted on 12.03.2021, 04:31 by Hyesun Yoo, Jun Sung Jang, Seung Wook Shin, Jiwon Lee, JunHo Kim, Dong Myeong Kim, In Jae Lee, Byeong Hoon Lee, Jongsung Park, Jin Hyeok Kim
Point defect engineering in Cu2ZnSnSe4 (CZTSe) thin films is the main issue to improve its device performance. This study reveals the correlation between the reaction pathway and the point defects in the CZTSe film. The reaction pathway from a metallic precursor (Mo/Zn/Sn/Cu) to a kesterite CZTSe film is varied by changing the annealing process. The synthesized CZTSe films under different reaction pathways induce different device performances with different defect energy levels, although all CZTSe films have similar structural and optical properties (Eg ∼ 1.0 eV). The admittance spectroscopy demonstrates the correlations between point defect types (VZn, ZnSn, ZnCu, CuZn, and VCu) and the reaction pathways for the formation of CZTSe films. The different growth rates of binary selenides, such as ZnSe and/or Sn–Se phases, during the annealing process are especially strongly related to the formation of point defects, leading to the different open-circuit voltages (396–451 mV) and fill factors (51–65%). The results of this study suggest that controlling the reaction pathway is an effective approach to adjust the formation of defects in the kesterite CZTSe film as well as to fabricate high-performance solar cell devices.