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Influence of Ti/V Cation-Exchange in Na2Ti3O7 on Na-Ion Negative Electrode Performance: An Insight from First-Principles Study

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posted on 2020-08-11, 20:04 authored by Chol-Jun Yu, Suk-Gyong Hwang, Yong-Chol Pak, Song-Hyok Choe, Jin-Song Kim, Kum-Chol Ri
Sodium titanate Na2Ti3O7 (NTO) is regarded as a highly promising anode material with a very low voltage for Na-ion batteries and capacitors but suffers from relatively low specific capacity and poor electron conductivity. Here, we report a first-principles study of electrochemical properties of NTO and its vanadium-modified compounds, Na2Ti2VO7 and Na2TiV2O7 (NTVO), offering an insight into their detailed working mechanism and an evidence of enhancing anode performance by Ti/V cation exchange. Our calculations reveal that the specific capacity can increase from 177 mA h g–1 in NTO to over 280 mA h g–1 in NTVO when using NaTi3–xVxO7 (x = 1, 2) as a starting material for Na insertion due to higher oxidation state of V+5, together with lower voltages and small volume expansion rates below 3%. With Ti/V exchange, we obtain slightly higher activation energies for Na-ion migrations along the two different pathways but find an obvious improvement of electronic transport in NTVO.

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