American Chemical Society
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Influence of Excess Charge on Water Adsorption on the BiVO4(010) Surface

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journal contribution
posted on 2022-09-08, 14:06 authored by Wennie Wang, Marco Favaro, Emily Chen, Lena Trotochaud, Hendrik Bluhm, Kyoung-Shin Choi, Roel van de Krol, David E. Starr, Giulia Galli
We present a combined computational and experimental study of the adsorption of water on the Mo-doped BiVO4(010) surface, revealing how excess electrons influence the dissociation of water and lead to hydroxyl-induced alterations of the surface electronic structure. By comparing ambient pressure resonant photoemission spectroscopy (AP-ResPES) measurements with the results of first-principles calculations, we show that the dissociation of water on the stoichiometric Mo-doped BiVO4(010) surface stabilizes the formation of a small electron polaron on the VO4 tetrahedral site and leads to an enhanced concentration of localized electronic charge at the surface. Our calculations demonstrate that the dissociated water accounts for the enhanced V4+ signal observed in ambient pressure X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy and the enhanced signal of a small electron polaron inter-band state observed in AP-ResPES measurements. For ternary oxide surfaces, which may contain oxygen vacancies in addition to other electron-donating dopants, our study reveals the importance of defects in altering the surface reactivity toward water and the concomitant water-induced modifications to the electronic structure.