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Infected Diabetic Wound Regeneration Using Peptide-Modified Chiral Dressing to Target Revascularization

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posted on 2023-03-22, 11:04 authored by Chao Xing, Hanting Zhu, Xiaoqiu Dou, Laiben Gao, Sravan Baddi, Yunqing Zou, Changli Zhao, Yinbo Peng, Yong Fang, Chuan-Liang Feng
Revascularization plays a critical role in the healing of diabetic wounds. Accumulation of advanced glycation end products (AGEs) and refractory multidrug resistant bacterial infection are the two major barriers to revascularization, directly leading to impaired healing of diabetic wounds. Here, an artfully designed chiral gel dressing is fabricated (named as HA-LM2-RMR), which consists of l-phenylalanine and cationic hexapeptide coassembled helical nanofibers cross-linked with hyaluronic acid via hydrogen bonding. This chiral gel possesses abundant chiral and cationic sites, not only effectively reducing AGEs via stereoselective interaction but also specifically killing multidrug resistant bacteria rather than host cells since cationic hexapeptides selectively interact with negatively charged microbial membrane. Surprisingly, the HA-LM2-RMR fibers present an attractive ability to activate sprouted angiogenesis of Human Umbilical Vein Endothelial Cells by upregulating VEGF and OPA1 expression. In comparison with clinical Prontosan Wound Gel, the HA-LM2-RMR gel presents superior healing efficiency in the infected diabetic wound with respect to angiogenesis and re-epithelialization, shortening the healing period from 21 days to 14 days. These findings for chiral wound dressing provide insights for the design and construction of diabetic wound dressings that target revascularization, which holds great potential to be utilized in tissue regenerative medicine.

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