American Chemical Society
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Increasing the Throughput and Reproducibility of Activity-Based Proteome Profiling Studies with Hyperplexing and Intelligent Data Acquisition

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posted on 2024-01-20, 14:31 authored by Hanna G. Budayeva, Taylur P. Ma, Shuai Wang, Meena Choi, Christopher M. Rose
Intelligent data acquisition (IDA) strategies, such as a real-time database search (RTS), have improved the depth of proteome coverage for experiments that utilize isobaric labels and gas phase purification techniques (i.e., SPS-MS3). In this work, we introduce inSeqAPI, an instrument application programing interface (iAPI) program that enables construction of novel data acquisition algorithms. First, we analyze biotinylated cysteine peptides from ABPP experiments to demonstrate that a real-time search method within inSeqAPI performs similarly to an equivalent vendor method. Then, we describe PairQuant, a method within inSeqAPI designed for the hyperplexing approach that utilizes protein-level isotopic labeling and peptide-level TMT labeling. PairQuant allows for TMT analysis of 36 conditions in a single sample and achieves ∼98% coverage of both peptide pair partners in a hyperplexed experiment as well as a 40% improvement in the number of quantified cysteine sites compared with non-RTS acquisition. We applied this method in the ABPP study of ligandable cysteine sites in the nucleus leading to an identification of additional druggable sites on protein- and DNA-interaction domains of transcription regulators and on nuclear ubiquitin ligases.

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