American Chemical Society
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In situ Construction of Metal/Perovskite Interfaces with Exsolved FeNi Alloy Nanoparticles for High-Temperature CO2 Electrolysis

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journal contribution
posted on 2023-02-03, 19:36 authored by Zichao Wu, Houfu Lv, Jingwei Li, Na Ta, Xiaomin Zhang, Guoxiong Wang, Xinhe Bao
Solid oxide electrolysis cells (SOECs) show potential applications in CO2 utilization and renewable energy resources storage due to their fast kinetics and high energy efficiency. However, the absence of active and stable electrode materials has limited the practical applications of SOECs for CO2 electrolysis. Herein, FeNi alloy nanoparticles anchored on a La0.6Sr0.4Fe0.85Ni0.05Nb0.1O3‑δ (LSFNN) perovskite surface were developed by controlling appropriate in situ exsolution conditions for CO2 electrolysis. The FeNi@LSFNN-based SOEC showed current densities of 0.57 A cm–2 at 700 °C and 1.16 A cm–2 at 800 °C at 1.6 V, which are 1.39 and 1.18 times those of the pristine LSFNN-based cell, respectively. The distribution of relaxation time analysis of electrochemical impedance spectra and CO2 temperature-programmed desorption results indicate that the in situ constructed FeNi@LSFNN interfaces with abundant oxygen vacancies promote the adsorption, activation, and dissociation of CO2 molecules, thus improving the CO2 electrolysis performance of SOECs.