American Chemical Society
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In Vitro–In Vivo Study of the Impact of Excipient Emulsions on the Bioavailability and Antioxidant Activity of Flavonoids: Influence of the Carrier Oil Type

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journal contribution
posted on 2022-12-29, 16:36 authored by Yanping Lin, David Julian McClements, Jie Xiao, Yong Cao, Xiaojuan Liu
The influence of the carrier oil type on the bioavailability and bioactivity of flavonoids (quercetin, kaempferol, and apigenin) was examined using in vitro digestion, in situ intestinal perfusion, and pharmacokinetic studies. Here, medium-chain triglycerides (MCTs), long-chain triglycerides (LCTs), or MCT/LCT mixtures (1:1, w/w) served as the oil phase of excipient emulsions. Overall, the bioavailability and antioxidant activity of flavonoids increased when they were coingested with excipient emulsions. The in vitro bioaccessibility of flavonoids was affected by the carrier oil: LCT (17.9–22.8%) > MCT/LCT (12.1–13.7%) > MCT (9.2–12.6%). These differences were mainly attributed to the fact that the mixed micelles formed after the digestion of LCTs had larger hydrophobic domains to solubilize more flavonoids. However, in vivo pharmacokinetic experiments showed that the flavonoid concentrations in rat serum were comparable for all carrier oils (p > 0.05). Our results assist in formulating excipient emulsions to enhance the efficacy of flavonoids.