American Chemical Society
am8b00989_si_001.pdf (1.51 MB)

In Situ Plating of Porous Mg Network Layer to Reinforce Anode Dendrite Suppression in Li-Metal Batteries

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journal contribution
posted on 2018-03-23, 00:00 authored by Fulu Chu, Jiulin Hu, Jing Tian, Xuejun Zhou, Zheng Li, Chilin Li
Li dendrite suppression enables a highly reversible Li-metal battery. However the strategy to smooth Li surface, especially under long-term cycling and high current density, is still a big challenge. Here, we propose a facile additive strategy to reinforce Li dendrite inhibition in a range of ether and carbonate electrolytes. Dissoluble Mg­(TFSI)2 is employed as a degradable electrolyte additive, leading to in situ plating of porous Mg network when contacting reductive Li atoms. Mg adatoms with extremely low diffusion energy barrier as lithiophilic sites enable a smooth or flaky morphology of Li surface even under a high current density of 2 mA/cm2 and high capacity of 6 mAh/cm2. Mg-salt additive significantly extends the cycling life of Li||Cu asymmetric cells up to 240 and 200 cycles for carbonate and ether electrolytes, respectively. Under a current density as high as 5 mA/cm2, the Li||Cu cell based on ether system can still survive up to 140 cycles with a small voltage hysteresis close to 60 mV. The hysteresis can be reduced to below 25 mV for lasting 200 cycles at 1 mA/cm2. This additive strategy provides a facile solution to in situ construction of conductive anode–electrolyte interface with low interface resistance for alleviating uneven Li nucleation.