In-Depth In Vivo Crosslinking in Minutes by a Compact, Membrane-Permeable, and Alkynyl-Enrichable Crosslinker
journal contributionposted on 2022-05-16, 16:03 authored by Hang Gao, Lili Zhao, Bowen Zhong, Beirong Zhang, Zhou Gong, Baofeng Zhao, Yi Liu, Qun Zhao, Lihua Zhang, Yukui Zhang
Chemical crosslinking coupled with mass spectrometry (CXMS) has emerged as a powerful technique to obtain the dynamic conformations and interaction interfaces of protein complexes. Limited by the poor cell membrane permeability, chemical reactivity, and biocompatibility of crosslinkers, in vivo crosslinking to capture the dynamics of protein complexes with finer temporal resolution and higher coverage is attractive but challenging. In this work, a trifunctional crosslinker bis(succinimidyl) with propargyl tag (BSP), involving compact size, proper amphipathy, and enrichment capacity, was developed to enable better cell membrane permeability and efficient crosslinking in 5 min without obvious cellular interference. Followed by a two-step enrichment method based on click chemistry at the peptide level, 13,098 crosslinked peptides (5068 inter-crosslinked peptides and 8030 intra-crosslinked peptides) were identified under the data threshold of peptide-spectrum matches (PSMs) ≥2 on the basic of the FDR control of 1%, which was the most comprehensive dataset for homo species cells by a non-cleavable crosslinker. Besides, the interactome network comprising 1519 proteins connected by 2913 interaction edges in various intracellular compartments, as well as 80S ribosome structural dynamics, were characterized, showing the great potential of our in vivo crosslinking approach in minutes. All these results demonstrated that our developed BSP could provide a valuable toolkit for the in-depth in vivo analysis of protein–protein interactions (PPIs) and protein architectures with finer temporal resolution.
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various intracellular compartmentshomo species cellsfiner temporal resolution2913 interaction edges098 crosslinked peptidescrosslinked peptidesinteraction interfaces≥ 2vivo </valuable toolkitspectrum matchesresults demonstratedprotein complexesprotein architecturesproper amphipathypropargyl tagpowerful techniquemass spectrometryhigher coveragegreat potentialfdr controlenrichment capacitydynamic conformationsdata thresholdcomprehensive datasetclick chemistrycleavable crosslinkerchemical reactivity8030 intra5068 inter1 %,