American Chemical Society
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Improving Tribological Properties of Multialkylated Cyclopentanes under Simulated Space Environment: Two Feasible Approaches

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journal contribution
posted on 2015-07-08, 00:00 authored by Xiaoqiang Fan, Liping Wang, Wen Li, Shanhong Wan
Space mechanisms require multialkylated cyclopentanes (MACs) more lubricious, more reliable, more durable, and better adaptive to harsh space environments. In this study, two kinds of additives were added into MACs for improving the tribological properties under simulated space environments: (a) solid nanoparticles (tungsten disulfide (WS2), tungsten trioxide (WO3), lanthanum oxide (La2O3), and lanthanum trifluoride (LaF3)) for steel/steel contacts; (b) liquid additives like zinc dialkyldithiophosphate (ZDDP) and molybdenum dialkyldithiocarbamate (MoDTC) for steel/steel and steel/diamond-like carbon (DLC) contacts. The results show that, under harsh simulated space environments, addition of the solid nanoparticles into MACs allows the wear to be reduced by up to one order magnitude, while liquid additives simultaneously reduce friction and wear by 80% and 93%, respectively. Friction mechanisms were proposed according to surface/interface analysis techniques, such as X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) and time-of-flight secondary ion mass spectroscopy (TOF-SIMS). The role of solid nanoparticles in reducing friction and wear mainly depends on their surface enhancement effect, and the liquid additives are attributed to the formation of tribochemical reaction film derived from ZDDP and MoDTC on the sliding surfaces.