Improved Synthesis of Aryltriethoxysilanes via Palladium(0)-Catalyzed Silylation of Aryl Iodides and Bromides with Triethoxysilane†
journal contributionposted on 09.10.2001, 00:00 authored by Amy S. Manoso, Philip DeShong
The scope of the palladium-catalyzed silylation of aryl halides with triethoxysilane has been expanded to include aryl bromides. A more general Pd(0) catalyst/ligand system has been developed that activates bromides and iodides: palladium(0) dibenzylideneacetone (Pd(dba)2) is activated with 2-(di-tert-butylphosphino)biphenyl (Buchwald's ligand) (1:2 mol ratio of Pd/phosphine). Electron-rich para- and meta-substituted aryl halides (including unprotected aniline and phenol derivatives) undergo silylation to form the corresponding aryltriethoxysilane in fair to excellent yield; however, ortho-substituted aryl halides failed to be silylated.