Improved Prediction of Heats of Formation of Energetic Materials Using Quantum Mechanical Calculations
journal contributionposted on 26.01.2006, 00:00 by Edward F. C. Byrd, Betsy M. Rice
We present simple atom and group-equivalent methods that will convert quantum mechanical energies of molecules to gas phase heats of formation of CHNO systems. In addition, we predict heats of sublimation and vaporization derived from information obtained from the quantum-mechanically calculated electrostatic potential of each isolated molecule. The heats of sublimation and vaporization are combined with the aforementioned gas phase heats of formation to produce completely predicted condensed phase heats of formation. These semiempirical computational methods, calibrated using experimental information, were applied to a series of CHNO molecules for which no experimental information was used in the development of the methods. These methods improve upon an earlier effort of Rice et al. [Rice, B. M.; Pai, S. V.; Hare, J. Combust. Flame 1999, 118, 445] through the use of a larger basis set and the application of group equivalents. The root-mean-square deviation (rms) from experiment for the predicted group-equivalent gas phase heats of formation is 3.2 kcal/mol with a maximum deviation of 6.5 kcal/mol. The rms and maximum deviation of the predicted liquid heats of formation are 3.2 and 7.4 kcal/mol, respectively. Finally, the rms and maximum deviation of predicted solid heats of formation are 5.6 and 12.2 kcal/mol, respectively, an improvement in the rms of approximately 40% compared to the earlier Rice et al. predictions using atom equivalents and a smaller basis set (B3LYP/6-31G*).