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Implementation and Performance of the Gas Chromatography/Combustion/Isotope Ratio Mass Spectrometry-Based Method for the Confirmatory Analysis of Endogenous Anabolic Steroids during the Rio de Janeiro Olympic and Paralympic Games 2016

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journal contribution
posted on 29.08.2019, 15:36 by Fábio Azamor de Oliveira, Alessandro Casilli, Thomas Piper, Thais Reis da Silva, Cristiane Abrantes da Silva, Raquel Vieira Santana da Silva, Marco Aurelio Dal Sasso, Gutierri Ricardo dos Santos Gonçalves Salgueiro, Monica Costa Padilha, Henrique Marcelo Gualberto Pereira, Mario Thevis, Francisco Radler de Aquino Neto
Carbon isotope ratio (CIR) confirmation is one of the most complex and delicate analyses in the doping control field, due to the nature of the molecules to be confirmed, normally present in urinary samples as a consequence of an endogenous production. The requirements for method validation established by the World Anti-Doping Agency (WADA) have been pushing the accredited laboratories to improve their methods. The choice of the method is always a cost benefit ratio involving a hard-working and time-consuming analysis and the guarantee of reporting of reliable results. This work presents the method fully validated by the Brazilian Doping Control Laboratory as part of the preparation for the Rio de Janeiro Summer Olympic and Paralympic Games 2016. Sample preparation encompassed solid-phase extraction, liquid–liquid extraction, enzymatic hydrolysis, acetylation, and purification by preparative high-performance liquid chromatography, and analyses were performed by gas chromatography/combustion/isotope ratio mass spectrometry. This proved to be a robust method to CIR confirmation in a big event, as demonstrated by the analysis of 179 samples during the Games 2016, from clearly negative results and adverse findings for testosterone (T) and related substances, boldenone and its metabolite, 19-norandrosterone and formestane. Two atypical findings were also reported for T and metabolites.