Impact of the Alkyne Substitution Pattern and Metalation on the Photoisomerization of Azobenzene-Based Platinum(II) Diynes and Polyynes
journal contributionposted on 18.10.2016, 16:25 authored by Rayya A. Al-Balushi, Ashanul Haque, Maharaja Jayapal, Mohammed K. Al-Suti, John Husband, Muhammad S. Khan, Jonathan M. Skelton, Kieran C. Molloy, Paul R. Raithby
Trimethylsilyl-protected dialkynes incorporating azobenzene linker groups, Me3SiCCRCCSiMe3 (R = azobenzene-3,3′-diyl, azobenzene-4,4′-diyl, 2,5-dioctylazobenzene-4,4′-diyl), and the corresponding terminal dialkynes, HCCRCCH, have been synthesized and characterized. The CuI-catalyzed dehydrohalogenation reaction between trans-[Ph(Et3P)2PtCl] and the deprotected dialkynes in a 2:1 ratio in iPr2NH/CH2Cl2 gives the platinum(II) diynes trans-[Ph(Et3P)2PtCCRCCPt(PEt3)2Ph], while the dehydrohalogenation polycondensation reaction between trans-[(nBu3P)2PtCl2] and the dialkynes in a 1:1 molar ratio under similar reaction conditions affords the platinum(II) polyynes, [−Pt(PnBu3)2–CCRCC−]n. The materials have been characterized spectroscopically, with the diynes also studied using single-crystal X-ray diffraction. The platinum(II) diynes and polyynes are all soluble in common organic solvents. Optical-absorption measurements show that the compounds incorporating the para-alkynylazobenzene spacers have a higher degree of electronic delocalisation than their meta-alkynylazobenzene counterparts. Reversible photoisomerization in solution was observed spectroscopically for the alkynyl-functionalized azobenzene ligands and, to a lesser extent, for the platinum(II) complexes. Complementary quantum-chemical modeling was also used to analyze the optical properties and isomerization energetics.
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Complementary quantum-chemical modelingsingle-crystal X-ray diffractionBuReversible photoisomerizationtranOptical-absorption measurements showpolyyneAlkyne Substitution Patternalkynylazobenzene spacersterminal dialkynesHCPh2 PtClCuI-catalyzed dehydrohalogenation reactiondiyneisomerization energeticsalkynyl-functionalized azobenzene ligandsratiospectroscopicallyPolyynes Trimethylsilyl-protected dialkynesalkynylazobenzene counterpartsdeprotected dialkynesNHazobenzene linker groups2 PtCl 2reaction conditionsdehydrohalogenation polycondensation reaction