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Impact of Various Microbial-Fermented Methods on the Chemical Profile of Dark Tea Using a Single Raw Tea Material

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journal contribution
posted on 01.04.2021, 16:14 by Jiang Shi, Wanjun Ma, Chuanpi Wang, Wenliang Wu, Jun Tian, Yue Zhang, Yali Shi, Jiatong Wang, Qunhua Peng, Zhi Lin, Haipeng Lv
In the present study, we produced Pu-erh, Liubao, Qingzhuan, and Fuzhuan teas using a single raw tea material and applied widely targeted metabolomics to study the impact of various microbial-fermented methods on the chemical profile of dark tea. The contents of catechins and free amino acids decreased drastically, whereas the contents of gallic acid and theabrownins increased significantly during microbial fermentation. Pu-erh tea had the highest content of theabrownins (11.82 ± 0.49%). Moreover, MS-based metabolomics analysis revealed that the different types of dark teas were significantly different from their raw material. A total of 85 differential metabolites were screened among 569 metabolites identified referring to self-compiled database. Glycosylated, hydroxylated, methylated, and condensed and oxidated products originating from microbial bioconversion of their corresponding primitive forms were significantly increased in dark teas. These results suggest that various microbial-fermented methods greatly affect the metabolic profile of dark tea, which can provide useful information for dark tea biochemistry research.