American Chemical Society
ao9b03645_si_001.pdf (1.36 MB)

Impact of Titanium in Controlling Silver Particle Size on Enhancement of Catalytic Performance of AgMoO3/Ti-HMS for Direct Epoxidation of Propylene

Download (1.36 MB)
journal contribution
posted on 2020-02-25, 09:29 authored by Hany M. AbdelDayem, Shar S. Al-Shihry, Salah A. Hassan
In this work, direct gas-phase epoxidation of propylene (DPO) to propylene oxide by molecular oxygen has been studied by using Ag–MoO3 supported on titanium-containing hexagonal mesoporous silica (Ti-HMSn) of different Si/Ti molar ratios. The promotion effect of NaCl on the synthesized catalysts has also been investigated. Among the studied supports, the hexagonal mesoporous silica (HMS) with a Si/Ti ratio of 10 was the most suitable one for production of propylene oxide (PO). The optimal performance of the AgMo/Ti-HMS10 catalyst in DPO exhibited a selectivity to PO of 43.2% with a propylene conversion of 14.1%, at 400 °C, 0.1 MPa, and a space velocity of 12,000 h–1. The catalyst verified good stability over at least 20 h on stream. Only 2.7% PO selectivity with a propylene conversion of 10.1% was achieved over the AgMo/HMS sample. The incorporation of Ti into the HMS frame could optimize the particle size distribution of Ag, producing Ag nanoparticles with an average size of 6.8 nm compared with that of Ag/HMS (24.3 nm). The in situ Raman spectrum of AgMo/Ti-HMS10 heated in a stream of C3H6/He at 400 °C showed new bands at 616, 390, and 210 cm–1, characteristic of the AgxMoyOz intermediate phase. The obtained results suggested that this formed AgMo/Ti-HMS10 phase could most likely be relevant for selective epoxidation of propylene. However, during the reaction of C3H6 with AgMo/HMS, the formation of this intermediate was hardly detected. On the other hand, the hydrogen temperature-programmed reduction measurements indicated improved reducibility of MoO3 in the AgMo/Ti-HMS10 catalyst, which acknowledged the role of Mo6+ in gaining electrons from silver to form positively charged Ag. This could reduce the effective charge of the adsorbed oxygen on silver sites and in turn favor the epoxidation path of propylene rather than the combustion route. Also, during the reaction of C3H6 with NaAgMo/Ti-HMS10 at 400 °C, two new Raman bands were detected at 277 and 350 cm–1, characteristic of Ag2MoO4.