Impact of Stereochemistry on Ligand Binding: X‑ray Crystallographic Analysis of an Epoxide-Based HIV Protease Inhibitor
journal contributionposted on 11.09.2014, 00:00 by Fabio Benedetti, Federico Berti, Pietro Campaner, Lidia Fanfoni, Nicola Demitri, Folasade M. Olajuyigbe, Matteo De March, Silvano Geremia
A new pseudopeptide epoxide inhibitor, designed for irreversible binding to HIV protease (HIV-PR), has been synthesized and characterized in solution and in the solid state. However, the crystal structure of the complex obtained by inhibitor–enzyme cocrystallization revealed that a minor isomer, with inverted configuration of the epoxide carbons, has been selected by HIV-PR during crystallization. The structural characterization of the well-ordered pseudopeptide, inserted in the catalytic channel with its epoxide group intact, provides deeper insights into inhibitor binding and HIV-PR stereoselectivity, which aids development of future epoxide-based HIV inhibitors.