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Impact of Solid-State Form on the Disproportionation of Miconazole Mesylate

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journal contribution
posted on 04.12.2017, 00:00 by Mitulkumar A. Patel, Suman Luthra, Sheri L. Shamblin, Kapildev Arora, Joseph F. Krzyzaniak, Lynne S. Taylor
Approximately 50% of solid oral dosage forms utilize salt forms of the active pharmaceutical ingredient (API). A major challenge with the salt form is its tendency to disproportionate to produce the un-ionized API form, decreasing the solubility and negatively impacting product stability. However, many of the factors dictating the tendency of a given salt to undergo disproportionation remain to be elucidated. In particular, the role of the solid-state properties of the salt on the disproportionation reaction is unknown. Herein, various solid forms of a model salt, miconazole mesylate (MM), were evaluated for their tendency to undergo disproportionation when mixed with basic excipients, namely tribasic sodium phosphate dodecahydrate (TSPd) and croscarmellose sodium (CCS), and exposed to moderate relative humidity storage conditions. It was observed that the rate and extent of salt disproportionation were significantly different for the various solid forms of MM. As expected, the amorphous salt was highly susceptible to disproportionation, while the dihydrate salt form was resistant to conversion under the conditions tested. In addition, binary excipient blends of amorphous and anhydrous forms exhibited a reduced extent of disproportionation at a higher relative humidity storage condition. This was due to the competitive kinetics between disproportionation to the free base and conversion to the dihydrate salt form. The results of this study provide important insights into the impact of solid-state form on susceptibility to disproportionation that can be utilized for rationally designing robust pharmaceutical formulations.