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Impact of Single-Point Mutations on the Excitonic Structure and Dynamics in a Fenna–Matthews–Olson Complex

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journal contribution
posted on 04.06.2018, 00:00 by Anton Khmelnitskiy, Tonu Reinot, Ryszard Jankowiak
Hole burning (HB) spectroscopy and modeling studies reveal significant changes in the excitonic structure and dynamics in several mutants of the FMO trimer from the Chlorobaculum tepidum. The excited-state decay times (T1) of the high-energy excitons are significantly modified when mutation occurs near bacteriochlorophyll (BChl) 1 (V152N mutant) or BChl 6 (W184F). Longer (averaged) T1 times of highest-energy excitons in V152N and W184F mutants suggest that site energies of BChls 1 and 6, believed to play an important role in receiving excitation from the baseplate BChls, likely play a critical role to ensure the femtosecond (fs) energy relaxation observed in wild-type FMO. HB spectroscopy reveals preferentially slower T1 times (about 1 ps on average) because fs times prohibit HB due to an extremely low HB quantum yield. Uncorrelated (incoherent) excitation energy transfer times between monomers, the composition of exciton states, and average, frequency-dependent, excited-state decay times (T1) are discussed.