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Impact of Shell Growth on Recombination Dynamics and Exciton–Phonon Interaction in CdSe–CdS Core–Shell Nanoplatelets

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journal contribution
posted on 07.09.2018, 15:35 by Alexander W. Achtstein, Oliver Marquardt, Riccardo Scott, Mohamed Ibrahim, Thomas Riedl, Anatol V. Prudnikau, Artsiom Antanovich, Nina Owschimikow, Jörg K. N. Lindner, Mikhail Artemyev, Ulrike Woggon
We investigate the impact of shell growth on the carrier dynamics and exciton–phonon coupling in CdSe–CdS core–shell nanoplatelets with varying shell thickness. We observe that the recombination dynamics can be prolonged by more than one order of magnitude, and analyze the results in a global rate model as well as with simulations including strain and excitonic effects. We reveal that type I band alignment in the hetero platelets is maintained at least up to three monolayers of CdS, resulting in approximately constant radiative rates. Hence, observed changes of decay dynamics are not the result of an increasingly different electron and hole exciton wave function delocalization as often assumed, but an increasingly better passivation of nonradiative surface defects by the shell. Based on a global analysis of time-resolved and time-integrated data, we recover and model the temperature dependent quantum yield of these nanostructures and show that CdS shell growth leads to a strong enhancement of the photoluminescence quantum yield. Our results explain, for example, the very high lasing gain observed in CdSe–CdS nanoplatelets due to the type I band alignment that also makes them interesting as solar energy concentrators. Further, we reveal that the exciton-LO-phonon coupling is strongly tunable by the CdS shell thickness, enabling emission line width and coherence length control.