American Chemical Society
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Impact of Nonthermal Plasma on Lipid Oxidation from the Perspective of Plasma Treatment Parameters and Plasma Species: Identification of Key Reactive Species

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journal contribution
posted on 2023-09-19, 05:44 authored by Danyang Liu, Charlie Van Paepeghem, Joke Sierens, Mehrnoush Narimisa, Anton Nikiforov, Nathalie De Geyter, Kristof Demeestere, Bruno De Meulenaer
Nonthermal plasma is a mild processing technology for food preservation. Its impact on lipid oxidation was investigated in this study. Stripped methylesters were considered as a basic lipid model system and were treated by a multihollow surface dielectric barrier discharge. In dry air plasma, O3, ·NO2, ·NO3, and 1O2 were identified as the main reactive species reaching the sample surface. Treatment time was the most prominent parameter affecting lipid oxidation, followed by the (specific) power input and the plasma-sample distance. In humid air plasma, less O3 was detected, but ONOOH and O2NOOH were generated and presumed to play a role in lipid oxidation. Ozone mainly resulted in the formation of carbonyl substances via the trioxolane pathway, while reactive nitrogen species (i.e., ·NO2, ·NO3, ONOOH, and O2NOOH) led to the formation of hydroperoxides. The impact of short-living radicals (e.g., ·O, ·N, ·OH, and ·OOH) was restricted in general, since they dissipated too fast to reach the sample.·NO, HNO3, H2O2, and UV radiation did not induce lipid oxidation. All the reactive species identified in this study were associated with the presence of O2 in the input gas.