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Impact of Mutation on the Structural Stability and the Conformational Landscape of Inhibitor-Resistant TEM β‑Lactamase: A High-Performance Molecular Dynamics Simulation Study

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journal contribution
posted on 05.10.2021, 16:05 authored by Sandip K. Mukherjee, Mandira Mukherjee, Padmaja P. Mishra
Gain-of-function mutations and structural adjustment toward β-lactamase inhibitors in the TEM-type β-lactamases among the uropathogenic E. coli (UPEC) culminate in treatment complications and demands detailed investigation. In this study, uncharacterized amino acid substitutions, M69L/I84V/W165G/V184A/V262I/N276S, in inhibitor-resistant TEM (IRT) β-lactamase isolated from clinical UPEC were subjected to extensive molecular dynamics (EMD) simulations for 100 ns to estimate parameters such as root-mean-square deviation (RMSD), root-mean-square fluctuation (RMSF), the radius of gyration (Rg), contour plot (Rg/RMSD), secondary structure element (SSE), etc. Residue interaction networks, principal component analysis (PCA), and correlation heatmaps were generated to predict the relation between functionally important atomic motions to uncover the structural stability of the mutants. To avoid the false positive conclusion of the simulation study, we performed three identically parameterize replicas of 100 ns each. Alterations in hydrophobic interactions resulted in conformation changes exhibited as comparable residue interaction networks. Besides, PCA and porcupine plot analysis based on the ensemble of structure from molecular dynamics trajectories revealed the collective atomic motions of the IRT variants that impart structural flexibility to their active site loop. This study conducted on IRT mutants that delineate intricate protein motions contributes to their stability and folding, which is an absolute necessity for designing candidate molecules owing to the clinical threat of emerging resistance against potent β-lactam antibiotics.