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Impact of Copolymer Sequence on Solid-State Properties for Random, Gradient and Block Copolymers containing Thiophene and Selenophene

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journal contribution
posted on 14.08.2012, 00:00 by Edmund F. Palermo, Anne J. McNeil
Nickel-catalyzed chain-growth copolymerizations of thiophene and selenophene derivatives afforded well-defined π-conjugated copolymers with narrow molecular weight distributions, defined end-groups, and specific sequences. In particular, a π-conjugated copolymer with a novel linear gradient sequence was prepared. Compared to the analogous block and random copolymers, the gradient copolymer displayed unique optical and thermal properties as well as thin-film morphology. Moreover, the gradient copolymer exhibited an intermediate extent of phase separation into thiophene-rich and selenophene-rich domains compared to the block and random copolymers. Because this gradient sequence provides access to new solid-state properties, these materials should be further explored in applications where phase-separated morphology is important (e.g., solar cells, transistors, and light-emitting diodes).