Immunomodulatory Effects of Dendritic Poly(ethyleneimine) Glycoarchitectures on Human Multiple Myeloma Cell Lines, Mesenchymal Stromal Cells, and in Vitro Differentiated Macrophages for an Ideal Drug Delivery System in the Local Treatment of Multiple Myeloma
journal contributionposted on 25.06.2019, 17:43 by Felix Schulze, Bettina Keperscha, Dietmar Appelhans, Angela Rösen-Wolff
The use of a drug delivery system (DDS) represents a novel therapeutic approach in the treatment of multiple myeloma in bone lesion. We show the immunomodulatory effects of anionic and cationic dendritic poly(ethyleneimine) glycoarchitectures (PEI-DGAs) on human myeloma cell lines and cells in their microenvironment, in vitro differentiated macrophages, and mesenchymal stromal cells (MSCs). PEI-DGAs do not influence the secretion of IL-6, which is a major growth and survival factor in multiple myeloma. Cationic PEI-DGAs in turn have cytostatic properties on multiple myeloma cell lines. Anionic PEI-DGAs induce the secretion of proinflammatory cytokines IL-1β, TNFα, and IL-6 in macrophages and MSCs, whereas cationic PEI-DGAs do not. Macrophages and MSCs show remarkably high cell viability in the presence of high concentration of PEI-DGAs. RNA sequencing of MSCs exposed to cationic PEI-DGAs supports the hypothesis that smaller cationic PEI-DGAs are less toxic and could improve osteogenic differentiation in an ideal DDS.