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Immunochemical Detection of α‑Synuclein Autoantibodies in Parkinson’s Disease: Correlation between Plasma and Cerebrospinal Fluid Levels

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posted on 2017-03-06, 00:00 authored by Istvan Horvath, Igor A. Iashchishyn, Lars Forsgren, Ludmilla A. Morozova-Roche
Autoantibodies to Parkinson’s disease (PD) amyloidogenic protein, α-synuclein, were recognized as a prospective biomarker for early disease diagnostics, yet there is inconsistency in previous reports, potentially related to PD status. Therefore, plasma and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) of the cross-sectional cohort of 60 individuals, including recently diagnosed PD patients with mild and moderate PD and age-matched controls, were examined by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Nonparametric statistics was used for data analysis. We found significantly elevated levels of α-synuclein autoantibodies in both plasma and CSF in mild PD compared to controls, followed by some decrease in moderate PD. Receiver operating characteristic and effect size analyses confirmed the diagnostic power of α-synuclein antibodies in both plasma and CSF. For the first time, we showed the correlation between plasma and CSF α-synuclein antibody levels for mild, moderate, and combined PD groups. This indicates the potentiality of α-synuclein antibodies as PD biomarker and the increased diagnostic power of their simultaneous analysis in plasma and CSF.

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