Immobilization of Biomolecules on the Surface of Electrospun Polycaprolactone Fibrous Scaffolds for Tissue Engineering
journal contributionposted on 2009-05-27, 00:00 authored by Waradda Mattanavee, Orawan Suwantong, Songchan Puthong, Tanom Bunaprasert, Voravee P. Hoven, Pitt Supaphol
To make polycaprolactone (PCL) more suitable for tissue engineering, PCL in the form of electrospun fibrous scaffolds was first modified with 1,6-hexamethylenediamine to introduce amino groups on their surface. Various biomolecules, i.e., collagen, chitosan, and Gly-Arg-Gly-Asp-Ser (GRGDS) peptide, were then immobilized on their surface, with N,N′-disuccinimidylcarbonate being used as the coupling agent. Dynamic water contact angle measurement indicated that the scaffold surface became more hydrophilic after the aminolytic treatment and the subsequent immobilization of the biomolecules. The appropriateness of these PCL fibrous scaffolds for the tissue/cell culture was evaluated in vitro with three different cell lines, e.g., mouse fibroblasts (L929), human epidermal keratinocytes (HEK001), and mouse calvaria-derived preosteoblastic cells (MC3T3-E1). Both the neat and the modified PCL fibrous scaffolds released no substances in the levels that were harmful to these cells. Among the various biomolecule-immobilized PCL fibrous scaffolds, the ones that had been immobilized with type I collagen, a Arg-Gly-Asp-containing protein, showed the greatest ability to support both the attachment and the proliferation of all of the investigated cell types, followed by those that had been immobilized with GRGDS peptide.