American Chemical Society
am3c17855_si_001.pdf (1.03 MB)

Imitating Synapse Behavior: Exploiting Off-Current in TPBi-Doped Small Molecule Phototransistors for Broadband Wavelength Recognition

Download (1.03 MB)
journal contribution
posted on 2024-02-23, 14:33 authored by Seungme Kang, Sunyoung Sohn, Hyeran Kim, Hyung Joong Yun, Byung Chul Jang, Hocheon Yoo
Phototransistors have gained significant attention in diverse applications such as photodetectors, image sensors, and neuromorphic devices due to their ability to control electrical characteristics through photoresponse. The choice of photoactive materials in phototransistor research significantly impacts its development. In this study, we propose a novel device that emulates artificial synaptic behavior by leveraging the off-current of a phototransistor. We utilize a p-type organic semiconductor, dinaphtho[2,3-b:2′,3′- f]thieno[3,2-b]thiophene (DNTT), as the channel material and dope it with the organic semiconductor 2,2′,2″-(1,3,5-benzinetriyl)-tris(1-phenyl-1-H-benzimidazole) (TPBi) on the DNTT transistor. Under light illumination, the general DNTT transistor shows no change in off-current, except at 400 nm wavelength, whereas the TPBi-doped DNTT phototransistor exhibits increased off-current across all wavelength bands. Notably, DNTT phototransistors demonstrate broad photoresponse characteristics in the wavelength range of 400–1000 nm. We successfully simulate artificial synaptic behavior by differentiating the level of off-current and achieving a recognition rate of over 70% across all wavelength bands.