American Chemical Society
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Iminosugars Spiro-Linked with Morpholine-Fused 1,2,3-Triazole: Synthesis, Conformational Analysis, Glycosidase Inhibitory Activity, Antifungal Assay, and Docking Studies

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journal contribution
posted on 2017-10-26, 15:34 authored by Shrawan R. Chavan, Kishor S. Gavale, Ayesha Khan, Rakesh Joshi, Navanath Kumbhar, Debamitra Chakravarty, Dilip D. Dhavale
Synthesis of iminosugars 1, 2, 3a, and 4a and N-alkyl (ethyl, butyl, hexyl, octyl, decyl, and dodecyl) derivatives 3bg and 4bg spiro-linked with morpholine-fused 1,2,3-triazole is described. Conformation of the piperidine ring in each spiro-iminosugar was evaluated by 1H NMR spectroscopy, and conformational change in N-alkylated compounds 4bg with respect to parent spiro-iminosugar 4a is supported by density functional theory calculations. Out of 16 new spiro-iminosugars, the spiro-iminosugars 3a (IC50 = 0.075 μM) and 4a (IC50 = 0.036 μM) were found to be more potent inhibitors of α-glucosidase than the marketed drug miglitol (IC50 = 0.100 μM). In addition, 3a (minimum inhibition concentration (MIC) = 0.85 μM) and 4a (MIC = 0.025 μM) showed more potent antifungal activity against Candida albicans than antifungal drug amphotericin b (MIC = 1.25 μM). In few cases, the N-alkyl derivatives showed increase of α-glucosidase inhibition and enhancement of antifungal activity compare to the respective parent iminosugar. The biological activities were further substantiated by molecular docking studies.